The Life Of The Poet Ts Elliot English Literature Essay

The Life Of The Poet Ts Elliot English Literature Essay

T. S. Eliot was one of the greatest poets, drama authors, and literary critics of all clip. Not merely did he pull off to compose legion volumes of clever poesy, but Eliot besides wrote a myriad of dramas towards the latter terminal of his life. His verse form, nevertheless, were some of his best work. It is no surprised that T. S. Eliot was immersed in English literature from the really start of his life. He was born in St. Louis of Missouri in September 26, 1888, as the last of six kids. His parents, Henry Ware Eliot and Charlotte C. Eliot, were really encouraging of Eliot ‘s instruction. Eliot ‘s female parent peculiarly was a strong protagonist of English literature: Charlotte was an English instructor from Baltimore who retired one time she married Eliot ‘s male parent. While caring for six kids, Charlotte besides wrote a life for her father-in-law, William Greenleaf Eliot, who excessively was a poet that founded the first Unitarian church in St. Louis. In add-on, he established George Washington University and the Smith Academy for Girls. Thus, T. S. Eliot inherently grew up in a good educated, bourgeois environment.

When T. S. Eliot graduated from secondary school at Smith Academy, he chose to analyze at Harvard in 1906. Eliot at the clip wanted to major in doctrine, but ever had a acute involvement in poesy every bit good. In fact, at the age of 14, Eliot stumbled upon Omar Khayyam ‘s Rubaiyat, a celebrated Muslim work that was translated by Edward Fitzgerald. The beautiful and intricate poesy inspired Eliot non merely to compose lyrical poesy, but besides to analyze linguistics, which represented his grasp for diverse and vivacious civilizations. After a brief annual interruption to the school of Sorbonne in Paris, Eliot returned to Harvard to achieve a maestro ‘s grade in doctrine. In 1914, Eliot transferred to the University of Marsburg in Germany as a alumnus pupil. In Europe, Eliot appreciated the civilization and edification of both its people and history. When World War I broke out, Eliot moved to Oxford alternatively of returning place, ignoring his parents ‘ wants. However, after a twelvemonth in Oxford, Eliot left the school because he was disgusted with the campus. Despite this, in June 26, 1915, T. S. Eliot made his stay in Europe permanent by get marrieding Vivienne Haigh-Wood. Vivienne, an English adult female, ab initio caught Eliot ‘s attending with her beauty and dancing grace ; as clip passed on, the matrimony lost its thaumaturgy. Eliot ‘s disenchantment with matrimony could be seen through his attitude and authorship. He wrote to friends that while his matrimony began with exhilaration, his mental, emotional, and physical being withered after old ages of ill will and tenseness. Finally, after 18 old ages of infinite statements and perchance legion personal businesss, Eliot and Vivienne separated. Soon after, Vivienne died in a mental infirmary, to the indifference of Eliot. In fact, Eliot was so unaffected by Vivienne ‘s decease that he remarried in 1957 to a adult female named Esme Valerie Fletcher. The relationship could be seen as disgraceful: Esme was 30 seven old ages his junior. However, Eliot was content with the relationship, saying that for one time, he “ felt happier than [ he ] had been for old ages. ” ( Miller 218 ) They had no kids together, but Esme stayed by Eliot ‘s side until his decease. After 77 old ages, Eliot died in January 4, 1965 due to emphysema, a consequence from his heavy smoke. On that twenty-four hours, the whole universe mourned T. S. Eliot ‘s decease, for he was one of the greatest authors of all clip.

Social Context

T. S. Eliot was greatly affected by his milieus. As a immature male child, he grew up in an epoch that experienced tensenesss between the different categories. Although his household was really good off, Eliot saw distinguishable differences between assorted communities. He knew that while the upper category lived in affluent conditions and the lower category in hapless fortunes, they both had their similarities in jobs and quandaries. Eliot was besides really sensitive toward adult females, due to the lovingness and stamp nature of his female parent, Charlotte C. Eliot. Charlotte non merely influenced him as a poet, but besides taught him to acknowledge that adult females faced unjust inequalities. In add-on, Eliot was exposed to the effects of war in 1914. Originally, Eliot had wanted to go to the University of Marsburg in Germany ; but when World War I broke out, he was forced to alter programs and survey at Oxford in England. During this clip period, Eliot experienced first-hand the life of the urban metropolis, which inspired him to compose The Wasteland, one of the greatest verse form of his calling. However, the biggest influence toward Eliot and his authorship was his transition to the Church of England. His love for his freshly found place, England, could be found in the deep, spiritual subjects of his verse forms written toward the terminal of his life. All these societal factors in T. S. Eliot ‘s environment affected his full being.

Literary Career

T. S. Eliot has written a assortment of plants, including both verse forms and dramas. His aggregations include “ Prufrock and Other Observations, ” “ Four Fours, ” “ The Faber Book of Modern Verse, ” “ The Hollow Men, ” and “ The Wasteland. ” Some of his more outstanding verse forms include “ Ash Wednesday, ” and “ The Wasteland. ” In add-on to poems, T. S. Eliot besides composed dramas, such as Murder in the Cathedral, and The Cocktail Party. However, Eliot ‘s verse forms are the more important achievements of his calling.

Writing Manner

T. S. Eliot writes with a assortment of attacks. He largely uses a complex prose or poetry manner, with simple yet perforating phrases that give a whole new significance to the context. Eliot ‘s free poetry is particularly really interesting, because they seem to hold no definite form to them. Yet, when comparing all of his verse form together, Eliot seems to hold left a definite hallmark of his authorship in his plants. For illustration, his words give certain imagination to them, one that is neither obscure nor highly evident. Normally, Eliot focuses his composing on urban flashiness, societal unease, and malaise with adult females. There is besides a tendency that can be seen between the events of his life and his authorship. For illustration, in his immature age, Eliot addressed his terrible letdown in civilisation, likely as a cause of World War I. Many of his verse forms, including his celebrated “ The Wasteland, ” reference the belief that society would self-destroy on its ain due to a religious nothingness of anxiousness and ennui. Subsequently in Eliot ‘s life, nevertheless, his composing manner changed. His method became more freely associated with thoughts and feelings, giving manner to a vulnerable side that no 1 had of all time seen of Eliot. Converting to the Anglican Church was likely the cardinal factor in this, as Eliot ‘s “ Ash Wednesday ” strongly reflected his strong committedness to Christian orthodoxy. Summarily, Eliot wrote clever poesy that showed off his expertness of beat and meter. He indirectly reflected his ain life ‘s experiences in his poesy, despite denying of making such things. Literary critic Richard Ellmann stated that “ Eliot was addicted to the portraiture of characters who had missed their opportunities, become old before they had truly been immature ” ( Epstein 222 ) . Eliot ‘s authorship manner, therefore, is really distinguishable due to its free poetry, simple yet effectual vocabulary, and similar subjects refering desperation in emotion-less society and complicated relationships with adult females.

Thesis Paragraph

“ Is it perfume from a dress/ That makes me so digress? / Weaponries that lie along a tabular array, or wrap about a shawl./ And should I so assume? / And how should I get down? ” ( Eliot 277 ) . As it can be seen in this sample of “ The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock, ” T. S. Eliot normally writes of apprehensiveness and anxiousness towards adult females in his poesy. As a consequence of his upbringing by his female parent, Eliot has a deep regard for adult females. However, in his verse forms Eliot normally writes with unease about adult females relationships. Specifically, he attacks the false ideals that most of society has with regard to love. Many of his verse forms refute traditional thoughts of blissful love by turning the state of affairs around to show existent state of affairss that happened normally in the epoch of his clip. Therefore, T. S. Eliot exemplifies the disenchantments of love with his verse forms.

Literary Criticism

“ Nocturne ”

During his early old ages, T. S. Eliot represented his ridicule of melodramatic love affairs with “ Nocturne. ” The verse form, a petrarchan sonnet, alludes in both signifier and capable to the Shakespeare drama, Romeo and Juliet. In “ Nocturne, ” Eliot jokes at Shakespearian fans for lauding these illustrations of meaningless love, which he feels is a hapless representation of world and life ‘s true relationships. Eliot modifies the verse form by adding satirical wit. For illustration, he starts off the verse form with “ Of love, beneath a world-weary but gracious Moon ; / The conversation weakness, strikes some melody ” ( Eliot “ Nocturne ” 23. 2-3 ) . The personification of the Moon gives an image to the reader of a field, dull Moon that is merely present to give the dreamy consequence that all sentimentalists love. During this peculiar portion in “ Nocturne, ” Eliot is puting the scene, although his somewhat mocking tone forebodes of humourous bad lucks to come. The words “ neglecting ” and “ bored ” relate to Eliot ‘s subject because it derides the passionate feelings that normally come out of romantic plants. Eliot therefore instantly portrays his sentiments in the beginning of the verse form.

In the center of “ Nocturne, ” Eliot twists the secret plan by altering the self-destruction of Juliet into a slaying, directed by the storyteller himself. Eliot writes “ Behind the wall I have some servant delay, / pang, and the lady sinks into a faint ” ( Eliot “ Nocturne ” 23. 6-7 ) . Eliot ‘s cognition of poetic devices shows, as portrayed in his legion utilizations of initial rhyme within two lines. He all of a sudden changes the tone of the verse form by conveying in disconnected force into the piece. This unexpected deformation in the verse form subtly pokes merriment at the roseola and unprompted determinations that romantic characters make. While the decease of Juliet creates a dramatic scene, it has about wholly nil to make with the original plot line, and does non accomplish a individual productive consequence. Hence, “ Nocturne ” therefore ridicules the melodramatics of Shakespearean, or general, love affairs for their roseola yet foolish actions.

In the terminal of the verse form, Eliot finishes “ Nocturne ” by straight turn toing the overdone emotions of sentimentalists. After the decease of Juliet, Eliot continues with “ ( No demand of ‘Love everlastingly? ‘-‘Love following hebdomad? ‘ ) / While female readers all in cryings are drowned ” ( Eliot “ Nocturne ” 23. 12-13 ) . Basically, Eliot parodies the senseless goriness with which readers entertain themselves. He finds it humourous that in most love narratives, “ true love ” can get outright yet disappear every bit fleetly as it had come. Eliot ‘s dry combination of the phrases “ love everlastingly ” and “ love following hebdomad ” exemplifies the subject that he is efforts to portray throughout the verse form. In add-on, “ Nocturne ” ridicules the fervent ardor of romantic fans by depicting their emotions with the exaggeration, “ all in cryings are drowned. ” Surely, by the terminal of “ Nocturne, ” the reader can spot that Eliot believes that people should be more sensible and non fall for such false beliefs.

Although “ Nocturne ” was written by a really immature T. S. Eliot, it doubtless captures the attitude of Eliot that portrays in legion other Hagiographas for old ages to come. From the start of his composing calling, Eliot warns the public non to be deluded by the countless romances that over-dramatize love and its nature. Therefore, by touching to the celebrated Romeo and Juliet, Eliot illustrates his belief in “ Nocturne ” that one should look at love with a realistic, and non idealistic, point of position.

“ The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock ”

In add-on, “ The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock ” portrays T. S. Eliot ‘s belief that the idealistic paradigm of love contrasts with the world of relationships. Eliot wrote “ The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock ” along with his digest of “ Prufrock and Other Collections ” in 1910. Eliot further developed his composing manner during this clip period, making his well known signature odes that can be seen in this verse form. “ Prufrock ” describes the complicated relationship between a adult male and his long-time friend. The lover is a balding adult male, who although is assured that he and his friend have known each other long plenty, can non convey himself to suggest to his friend, for fright of rejection. In the terminal, he grows old and lonely, holding ne’er confessed his love. The verse form starts out calmly, go forthing the reader to presume that the lady attach toing the storyteller is his lover. However, by line 45, when Eliot writes “ Do I dare/ Disturb the existence? / In a minute there is time/ For determinations and alterations which a minute will change by reversal, ” the reader can presume that the relationship is much more complicated than what it appears to be ( Eliot “ The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock ” 5. 45-48 ) . This is a important poetry from the verse form because it portrays the storyteller ‘s vacillation to squeal his love. His uncertainness to the full embodies one of Eliot ‘s chief subjects, which is regret and wistfulness. While the writer yearns to show his love, he is fearful that his actions will stop things dreadfully, something that he can non digest. The sorrow and anxiousness that the storyteller feels goes along with Eliot ‘s sentiment that love in world is troublesome and ne’er perfect.

Another case that exemplifies T. S. Eliot ‘s pessimistic strong beliefs sing love is when he writes that the storyteller is in torment subsequently in “ The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock. ” During this period, Alfred Prufrock continues to keen about his bad luck, for he is lacerate between declaring his love and stamp downing his true feelings everlastingly. For illustration, he thoughtfully contemplates why he is so attracted to adult females:

Is it perfume from a frock

That makes me so digress?

Weaponries that lie along a tabular array, or wrap about a shawl.

And should I assume?

And how should I get down?

( Eliot “ The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock ” 6. 65-69 )

The tangible yearning in Prufrock ‘s words entreaties to the reader ‘s understanding. In add-on, Eliot like an expert rhymes “ frock ” and “ digress ” to make a beat and meter within the verse form, therefore farther appealing to the reader ‘s senses. With these combinations combined, Eliot presents a realistic position of how love Acts of the Apostless in world: Alternatively of being simple and effortless, the true nature of relationships tare nerve-racking and even do emotional hurting. Therefore, by utilizing the torment of Prufrock as an ethos, T. S. Eliot demonstrates that love is disillusioned in society.

Finally, “ The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock ” finishes off with a tone of complete nostalgia and sorrow. While the beginning of the verse form started off in a pleasant, comforting mode, by the terminal Prufrock has a voice of licking and sorrow. He becomes really pensive, inquiring whether it would hold been deserving squealing after all. Eliot writes:

And would it hold been worth it all, after all,

Would it hold been deserving awhile,

After the sundowns and the dooryards and the sprinkled streets,

After the novels, after the teacups, after the skirts that trail

Along the floor-

And this, and so much more? –

( Eliot “ The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock ” 9. 97-103 )

The affecting tone of Alfred ‘s voice one time more entreaties to the reader ‘s understanding, which farther emphasizes Eliot ‘s belief that love is non unsophisticated. It should besides be noted that Eliot merely rhymes the last two lines, which non merely gives the verse form meter but is besides a common feature throughout the full work. The statement basically portrays the storyteller ‘s sorrow of ne’er squealing his love. Although he is content plenty with the blissful memories, he inquiries whether it would hold been better to profess and raise the load that burdens him now. Eliot ends his verse form with this inquiry hanging in head, so as to demo that the wretchedness of Alfred Prufrock will ne’er stop until he dies. Thus, love in “ The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock ” is non every bit easy as depicted in stereotyped love affairs, harmonizing to T. S. Eliot.

To sum up, T. S. Eliot portrays a more realistic tragic love narrative in “ The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock ” compared to “ Nocturne. ” His authorship manner is more to the full developed at this point, which in this instance is characterized by odes and free poetry. T. S. Eliot one time more shows his discontent in erroneous positions of love and shows that relationships normally are imperfect and heartbreaking. Therefore, “ The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock ” exemplifies Eliot ‘s sentiment about the defects of idealistic love.

“ Portrayal of a Lady ”

As a concluding point, T. S. Eliot proves that love is disillusioned in society by composing “ Portrait of a Lady. ” The verse form, which was written in 1925, is really similar to “ The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock ” in that they both are composed of wordss with complex stanza signifiers. The verse form makes legion allusions in both Gallic and classical music: for illustration, the celebrated Preliminaries by Frederic Chopin are mentioned. The combination of love affair linguistic communications and sophisticated melodious composings create an consequence of classiness and elegance, despite the subject that the verse form nowadayss. Within “ Portrait of a Lady, ” Eliot discusses the abstruse relationship between a adult male and an older adult female. The adult male, who must divide from his older boyfriend, seems trapped because the adult female wishes to still match. Most likely, the relationship formed on false pretences for the advantage of the adult male, because one can state that the adult female is really good off. For illustration, in line 15, the storyteller initiates the verse form with a description of the adult female ‘s house:

Among velleities and carefully caught declinations

Through attenuated tones of fiddles

Mingled with distant horns

And Begins.

( Eliot “ Portrait of a Lady ” 55. 15-18 )

The really delicate nature that the verse form takes on in the beginning sets a scene of placid elegance. However, T. S. Eliot smartly introduces a premonition of struggle with the words “ velleities ” and “ declinations. ” The reader can spot from such a poetry that “ Portrait of a Lady ” will be somewhat vague, because the tone does non perceptibly fit up with the issue presented. When farther analyzed, one can besides state that the struggle at manus represents complications, a point that Eliot made about relationships. Therefore, within the beginning, “ Portrait of a Lady ” already demonstrates the worlds and troubles of relationships.

Furthermore, T. S. Eliot goes on to depict the adversities of life and its declinations in “ Portrait of a Lady. ” A common subject that can be found in Eliot ‘s verse form is the nostalgia and sorrow that is reflected upon in old age. Pulling from the position of the adult male, Eliot incorporates duologue into the verse form to do the wistfulness all the more realistic. For illustration, in one scene, the adult female speaks to learn the adult male the importance of life:

‘Ah, my friend, you do non cognize, you do non cognize

What life is, you who hold it in your custodies ‘ ;

( Slowly writhing the lilac chaffs )

‘You allow it flux from you, you let it flowaˆ¦ ‘

( Eliot “ Portrait of a Lady ” 56. 44-47 )

From this poetry, the reader can state that the adult female has had much experience in her life about the significance of friendly relationship. Her wisdom derives from her old age, which makes her look the more superior and sophisticated one out of the relationship between her and her boyfriend. Such a relationship was precisely the type of contrast that Eliot wanted to accomplish with romantic originals ; during Eliot ‘s epoch it was more common that work forces dominated relationships and provided most of the wealth. The verse form therefore reflects Eliot ‘s belief that love is a complicated and inauspicious affair.

Last, “ Portrait of a Lady ” deliberates over the complications of relationships, specifically through the age difference between the storyteller and his older love. Eliot emphasizes his point that relationships in actuality are complex and contain certain motivations, unlike the artlessness and felicity they are credited for in stereotyped love affairs. With “ Portrait of a Lady, ” the adult male must divide from his boyfriend, although the adult female believes that she is near her terminal anyways. She tells the storyteller:

But what have I, but what have I, my friend,

To give you, what can you have from me?

Merely the friendly relationship and the understanding

Of one about to make her journey ‘s terminal

( Eliot “ Portrait of a Lady ” 58. 64-67 )

The unhappiness yet cognizing tone of the adult female gives a sense of an inevitable terminal to the relationship between the adult male and adult female. Although subsequently in the verse form, the storyteller shows that this is what he wanted all along, the statement still does justness by exposing the complications of relationships. Along with rebuting generalized thoughts of love, Eliot excessively gives the message that personal friendly relationships should non be based upon false pretences.

To reason, in “ Portrait of a Lady ” T. S. Eliot teaches the reader the complexness of love and refutes stereotyped paradigms.


The manners and subjects of T. S. Eliot ‘s poesy brought him up to accomplish the celebrity and respect that he has now. Eliot ‘s poesy was non merely good constructed, but it systematically had thought arousing stuff that was unfastened to assorted readings. Specifically, throughout many of his verse forms, Eliot concentrated on assailing the erroneous and stereotyped based beliefs of love and its nature. He believed that love itself was a complicated matter, which he described intensely and efficaciously in his poesy. These certain verse forms include “ Nocturne, ” which he wrote at a immature age ; “ The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock, ” which portrayed non merely Eliot ‘s sentiments but besides demonstrated the potency of his authorship ; and in conclusion “ Portrait of a Lady, ” which included the most inextricable motivations out of all three. All these plants tie in to province Eliot ‘s defeat with society ‘s strong belief that relationships and friendly relationships are a simple matter: in fact, they are based on ever-changing motivations and do tenseness socially. As T. S. Eliot one time said, “ poetryaˆ¦is the ideal medium for showing intense and cosmopolitan emotions of religious provinces ” ( “ T. S. Eliot ” Compact disc read-only memory ) . Surely, T. S. Eliot effusively reveals his message of the disenchantments of love with his verse forms and dramatic authorship manner, doing him one of the best poets of all clip.