Throughout history more books have been written than one could of all time conceive of. Each book has its ain turns and bends, spins on events or inventive narratives. One thing that the readers of a book can about ever decipher is the basic universe position that the writer or the characters they have created clasp or held when the book was foremost composed. Although there are several universe positions out at that place today, all of them spin off of two basic yet really different positions: that of the Bible believing single and that of the 1 that does non keep those truths. The heroic verse form of Beowulf and the aggregation sonnets that were written by Shakespeare uncover something about the universe views that these writers held. Although these plants were written about one thousand old ages apart in wholly different societies, they both portion some similar universe positions. The Shakespearean sonnets and Beowulf do non reflect a universe position that is in synch with that of a Biblical universe position.
Shakespeare, possibly the best author to of all time populate, wrote over one hundred and 50 verse forms and sonnets throughout his calling as a author. While they are, on the surface, beautiful spots of poesy, they explicate some of the deep defects in the positions held by Shakespeare during his clip of composing them. In the sonnets specifically, there is one major defect and some smaller, less prevailing 1s. The overarching defect throughout many of the sonnets is that of immorality in title and instruction. Although we today do non truly cognize in what order the sonnets were intended to be arranged, we have put them in an order that seems to do sense to us so as to finish a narrative from the first sonnet to the last. Harmonizing to this agreement, the really first two lines of the first sonnet give us a glance of what most of the sonnets are traveling to touch to. “ From fairest animals we desire addition, / That thereby beauty ‘s rose might ne’er decease ” ( I. 1-2 ) . From these really first lines we are told to travel and infuse externally beautiful adult females so as to maintain beauty on the Earth. We can straight rebut the incorrectness of this thought with Matthew 5:28. Jesus, while learning the battalions provinces, “ But I say to you that everyone who looks at a adult female with lubricious purpose has already committed criminal conversation with her in his bosom. ” If one is looking for a beautiful adult female with whom he can increase population, he is traveling to be looking at adult females with a lubricious purpose. In one state of affairs, Shakespeare forgives a immature adult male for his lubricious actions on the history that they are merely natural and apprehensible enticements of a young person ( Rowse, 76 ) . While these are natural enticements due to our fallen nature, God will non allow us be tempted beyond what we are able to defy, and He has given us the strength to defy them, non fault our wickedness on them. ( 1 Corinthians 10:13 ) . There are many cases in these sonnets that reflect similar, disdainful positions. In sonnet Thirteen, Shakespeare speaks of holding kids because they are your lone manner to demo people what you looked like in old ages past ( XIII. 1-14 ) . While this is non lusting, it ‘s spoken in a disdainful mode. This is establishing the importance of a individual on their outward visual aspect, holding kids to demo the beauty of their ain yesteryear. Outward beauty is traveling to melt off, but it is what is in the bosom that is truly of import. If 1s purpose for holding kids is to demo off one ‘s beauty or the beauty of the kids produced by them, they are talking and moving on things with a disdainful motivation that focuses on the outward visual aspect. First Peter 3:3-4 clearly tells us what the proper Christ-like position should be on this subject: “ Do non allow your decorating be external-the gold braid of hair and the seting on of gilded jewellery, or the vesture you wear- but allow your decorating be the concealed individual of the bosom with the imperishable beauty of a soft and quiet spirit, which in God ‘s sight is really cherished. ” These are merely a few of many illustrations that show some of the ways in which these sonnets, although beautiful literary plants on the surface, can hold hidden or sometimes even blazing discontinuity with the basic instructions of the Bible and the Christian universe position.
Much like Shakespeare ‘s sonnets, the verse form of Beowulf is a great narrative, but when one delves into the narrative and certain facets thereof, he ca n’t assist but detect some of the secular positions that show through. It is unknown who composed the verse form Beowulf, but throughout the text, we can see a small about him or her. While Beowulf, the hero of the narrative, shows some of the heroic features that we would tie in with a hero, there are still many in which he falls short. Besides, the writer of Beowulf seems to hold a fatalistic position of life. The combination of the hero holding these unambiguous defects, and the manner that the writer shows fatalism, articulation to demo us a worldly position on life in two specific ways.
The first manner in which the universe position permeates the text are the character defect of Beowulf, the supposed hero. Throughout, Beowulf does hold some of the honest and epic features that we of course assume with hero such as strength and bravery, but when it comes to things like greed and retaliation, he is keeping a short stick. Permeating the whole narrative is retaliation, a immense factor. Without the facet of retaliation, the secret plan would be found desiring. All of the chief conflicts in this poem root from retaliation. When Beowulf battles Grendel, a atrocious monster, he fights him for retaliation because of the people that Grendel had already killed ( Appelbaum, 14-15 ) . After the first violent deaths of the people in Herot, many more follow, each an act of retaliation in response to each decease that had occurred. Romans 12:19 explicitly counters this thought of retaliation. “ Never take your ain retaliation, beloved, but leave room for the wrath of God, for it is written, ‘Vengeance is Mine, I will refund, ‘ says the Lord. ”
From the really start of the verse form of Beowulf, greed seems to hold a cardinal function in the verse form every bit good. Although greed is normally associated with stuff lecherousness, greed can take more signifiers than merely the stuff. Beowulf exhibits both stuff and immaterial greed for both hoarded wealth and celebrity. Beowulf is already a celebrated warrior from the start in his ain land, yet when he hears about the violent deaths that are go oning in Herot, he finds the demand to travel and assist. While the action seems to be pure, the purposes are a small hazy. Several times in the text, he says that he is seeking celebrity. Before contending one of his conflicts, he specifically says, “ But I fight once more, seek celebrity stillaˆ¦ ” ( Beowulf, 54 ) . The word in that quotation mark “ still ” has the intension that he has already been seeking celebrity. From this, we can assume that at least some of his purpose for traveling to Herot in the first topographic point was to distribute his celebrity beyond his ain land. During a conflict old to the 1 mentioned above, the writer specifically says, “ But Beowulf / Longed merely for celebrity. ” ( Beowulf, 51 ) . This note by the writer has no outside guesss or sentiments ; this is what the writer openly states about Beowulf. The strong desire for celebrity shows pride in Beowulf ‘s character. Proverbs 16:18 merely provinces, “ Pride goes before devastation, and a disdainful spirit before faltering. ” Not merely does Beowulf demo grounds of pride through his life style, but his disdainful desire for celebrity is what finally brings him to his decease. When Beowulf is deceasing after a triumph over a flagitious firedrake and its gold, he says that he sold his life for gold and it was good worth it ( Beowulf, 59 ) . To sell one ‘s life for something shows a great trade of love or devotedness to the object or individual ( s ) died for. While wealth in and of itself can be a approval from God, the love of wealth or money is explicitly warned against. “ For the love of money is a root of all kinds of immorality ” ( 1 Timothy 6:10 NAS ) . Greed has several signifiers. I believe that Beowulf had two of these, the greed for celebrity, and the greed for wealth.
The 2nd chief issue with Beowulf is the manner in which destiny apparently drives the whole narrative. The really thought of destiny goes against what a Biblically goaded universe position would keep as the ground that things happen. Numerous times throughout this poem the thoughts of destiny in general and that of people are mentioned. “ Fate has swept them off to the apprehension Grendel ” ( Appelbaum, 9 ) . “ Fate took him off, when in his pride he suffered bad luck in battle against the Frisians ” ( Appelbaum, 22 ) . “ Fate of all time goes as it must ” ( Appelbaum, 9 ) . These are merely a few illustrations of when the term destiny is used in the text. Fate, harmonizing to this verse form, is the ground that things go on, and hence drives the verse form of Beowulf in many facets. The Bible says “ The Lord has established His throne in the celestial spheres, and His sovereignty regulations over all ” ( Psalm 103:19 NAS ) . Harmonizing to this poetry, God is in control of every small thing. This statement refutes the thought of destiny because destiny does non turn to God ‘s control over each event. Charles Ryrie, the writer of a subdivision at the terminal of the Ryrie Study Bible holding to make with basic Biblical philosophy, says, “ Fatalism emphasizes merely ends, and makes opportunity, non God, the regulating power ” ( Ryrie, 1936 ) . Throughout the verse form of Beowulf, the writer uses destiny as the ground that things happen alternatively of the sovereignty of God in everything. This shows a immense portion of a secular or non-Biblical universe position that takes God out and replaces Him with this thought of destiny.
Both the Shakespearean sonnets and Beowulf are beautiful literary plants, but the universe views that are displayed come or root from a secular position of life. The sonnets show that outward beauty is of utmost importance, and besides that immorality is an excusable action when used to reproduce. In other words, the terminal, in some ways, justifies the agencies. Beowulf overall is merely a greedy and disdainful individual that is considered a “ hero ” because of the physical aspects that he displays with strength, contending ability, and bravery. The whole verse form of Beowulf is besides driven by destiny, the universe ‘s manner to pull out God from human events. In the terminal, while both plants have admirable qualities to them, much of it is in contrast with the positions that a Bible believing Christian should hold.