Gas transmission system operator Essay

Gas transmission system operator Essay

Electricity Directive of European Union

– The first EU Electricity Directive of 1996 concentrated on four areas: generation, retail supply, transmission and distribution, and unbundling. The main goal of the directive was to unbundle the industry and to open the national energy markets (Jamasb & Pollitt, 2005). Still, countries were given a great deal of leeway to interpret the rules. The directive can be summarized as follows:  In the field of generation, the directive provided member states with two options for building and managing power plants….  

The Use of Ultrasonic Testing in Condition Monitoring

– The use of ultrasonic testing in condition monitoring is a relatively new method in the field of condition monitoring. It monitors the high frequencies sound that is generated by plant machines and systems. Ultrasonic sound is not audible by the human ear, and occurs at a frequency above 20 kHz. The different ultrasonic equipment records ultrasonic sound between 20 kHz and 100 kHz. There exist two types of ultrasonic monitoring, airborne and structural. Both methods receive ultrasonic sound, airborne through the air and structural through solid surfaces….  

All About Natural Gas Suppliers and Recipients

– Natural gas suppliers and recipients are usually connected through a large-scale, high pressure and integrated transmission pipeline network. These transmission systems are the most cost effective ways to transmit fluid products over long distances [1], and are usually supplied from multiple sources and use inline compression units to deliver gas to the end users. Adaptation to the varying demands of customers plays an important role, and it is the responsibility of the dispatchers in gas transmission systems to supply adequate amounts of natural gas to meet consumers’ requirements and maintain the pressure level above the minimum required values….  

TransJakarta Busway Operator Improvement

– 1. Introduction Since repulsive traffic situations nowadays getting increasingly occurs in Jakarta, a heart of Indonesian economy city, TransJakarta as Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) system expected to be alternative completion cope with this issue (Hook and Ernst 2005). Within almost ten years operated on 2004 (TransJakarta 2011), TransJakarta operating systems still has require substantial improvement facing a never end congestion and other problems come about (Hook 2003). Reflecting to these matters, one of key points of project implementation on B2B circumstance is collaborativing activity among actors which aline with the market in service ecosystem outlook (Vargo and Lusch 2011)….  

Analysis of a Transmission Model

– Equipped with n antennas & the remote unit is equipped with m receive antennas (see Figure (1)). At each time slot t, signals C_t^i t=1,2,……n are transmitted simultaneously from the n transmit antennas. The channel is at-fading & the path gain from transmit antenna i to receive antenna j is denoted by h_(i,j) . The path gains are modeled as samples of independent complex Gaussian random variables with variance 0:5 per real dimension, i.e.,h_(i,j)~N(0,1) as we assume that signals received at di_erent antennas experience independent fading….