Behavioral and Psychodynamic Psychology in the Treatment of Addictions
– Assignment One – Introduction to Psychology With 2,405,518,376 (World Statistics, 2014) users around the world there is no doubt that some users are bound to develop addiction. “Internet addiction is when a person has a compulsive need to spend a great deal of time on the Internet, to the point where other areas of life (such as relationships, work or health) are allowed to suffer.” (Better Health Channel, 2011). With this scientists around the world are fighting to beat these addictions. Two theoretical perspectives that play heavily into the treatment process are Behavioural and Psychodynamic psychology….
Organisational Behavioural Theories
– … Having studied about the faulty in the current system of late1800s, Taylor developed the scientific methods which included clear division of tasks and responsibility between managers and workers, scientific selection of the person to do the job, training of the workers by using scientific method and the close supervision of the workers through the use of hierarchies of authority(Buchanan et Huczynski ,2010) Taylor believed that the workers were motivated by the money so that he used financial incentive to motivate the workers who can perform the best output on the quantity and quality….
The Historan and The Scientist
– Since the beginning of human civilization, mankind has always sought to improve our way of life. The social sciences including psychology, anthropology and economics seek to discover why we act the way that we do, and in doing so, aim to change our society for the better.Historians map out the pattern of human events and try to understand why historical events occurred the way that they did. As a result, it seems as if the human sciences and history are closely linked to each other. Historians often work alongside human scientists in order to understand our societies, and in doing so, change our communities in order to suit our nature better….
Mental States Are Not Behavioural Dispositions
– In my opinion, mental states are not behavioural dispositions as described by behaviourists. Behaviourism originally arose to address the flaws of substance Dualism and present a solution to the mind-body problem. Since then many other philosophies have provided alternative solutions to the mind-body problem and exposed holes in behaviourism. Behaviourism states that behavioural dispositions are tendencies to react with a certain kind of stimuli. For example, if one is confronted with a tiger you would be disposed to; run away, shout for help and assert ‘there is a tiger.’ This is what is known as a mental state, a stimulus and the relevant dispositions….
The Mad Scientist
– The mad scientist is an interesting figure in contemporary culture, usually represented by an evil genius that uses fictitious technology in an attempt to ‘play God.’ History has shown us that the mad scientist is not far off from reality: From the alchemist Paracelsus claiming the ability to create life to Tesla and Newton using science to challenge the mysteries of the universe. We also see the mad scientist in 19th century literature. Both Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein and H.G. Wells’ The Island of Dr….